Early Intervention refers to educational and various therapy services provided to help children with special needs with an array of developmental skills. Among the Early Intervention Services available are
- Physical skills (reaching, crawling, walking, drawing, building)
- Cognitive skills (thinking, learning, solving problems)
- Communication skills (talking, listening, understanding others)
- Self-help or adaptive skills (eating, dressing)
- Social or emotional skills (playing, interacting with others)
- Sensory processing skills (handling textures, tastes, sounds, smells)
At the Cerebral Palsy (Spastic) Children’s Association of Penang we incorporates the concept of Conductive Education which too emphasizes on daily practical experiences such as walking, toiletting, hand-functional skills, grooming, task series (physical movement) and cognitive skills. All programme are done in rhythmical intention learning method by which the children use language and sings with action to encourage them to participate actively. All the tasks learned are analyzed and broken down into a series of smaller steps. These small steps are continuously practiced and then incorporated into entire tasks. Tasks are viewed as a teaching tool, not a set of exercises. It is the most effective way to achieve the goals. Parents and caregivers are encouraged to carry out the activities at home after observing and participating in the sessions during the classes.
Preschool are conducted in the group which base on the conductive programme that emphasizes on holistic approach. Holistic approach means that everything in life, the total functioning of an individual, personal development and social organization is seen as interdependent, interconnected, multilevelled, interacting and cohesive. The age range of the children in Pre- School session are 5-8 years old. The aim of the preschool section is to develop the child’s motor skills and enhance early learning skills. In order to attain that, the programme is based on conductive education which encourage the children to be independent and responsible for themselves. The task series are taught in a group to give opportunity to work together, motivate and encourage the ambition to succeed. In this programme, Rhythmical Intention is used which is a learning method by which the child uses speech or inner speech to express an intention and follow movement which is carried out rhythmical. In Conductive Education Programme, children are encourage to engage in the world around them and actively participate as this is the only way learning will take place.
Primary Section comprises of 3-classes namely Kelas Zamrud, Kelas Baiduri and Kelas Jed. In these classes individualised education plan (IEP) is carried out to meet the needs of each child. Specific goals are set out for each child. Their abilities are graded in order to uplift their learning skills. Modifications on tables and chairs made as when and where the need arose. Visits to wet markets, super markets, parks and other places of interest help to increase the children’s awareness of the environment around them.